Some of you may have heard about BDD or Body Dysmorphic Disorder. It is listed as somatization disorder but it bears close resemblance and has plenty of touching points with OCD or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. In most cases BDD is a preoccupation of one person with his or hers physical image, defect in appearance or even hair, body other and other related things. The person spends too much time focusing on those so called defects and this type of behavior affects that person’s life in a negative way.
The basic obsession of a Person With BDD are his or hers facial features, odor and hair. This disorder usually begins in adolescence, so many of the teens you know or hang out with are potential victims. Body Dysmorphic Disorder almost always becomes chronic and it interferes with one’s life.
Most of the people with BDD fear of ridicule by others due to their defect. In many cases people will even go to specialists and plastic surgeons to ask for the defect to be changed. But even when the doctor agrees and makes those changes the BDD rarely stops, in some cases the disorder becomes even more severe.
There are a dozen of behavior types that are associated with Body Dysmorphic Disorder, most know are looking at the mirror too often or even other reflective surfaces, while in some cases people with BDD tend to avoid mirrors. Picking of skin, constantly touching and measuring the so called defect, always asking and talking about it and very detailed and elaborate rituals. Some even try to hide that defect, or they avoid situations where people may take a look at that defect and those kind of people almost always feel anxiety amongst other people.
So in some cases chronic BDD leads to social isolation which may incur a teen to drop out of school, we already mentioned unnecessary surgery, but in some heavy cases it can also involve suicide and suicide attempts. You may look at BDD as to OCD or even delusional disorder, in some cases BDD leads directly to depressive disorder.
As far as treatment goes that may be really tricky in some cases, most of the people with BDD won’t admit that they have a physiological problem as they are convinced of having a physical problem, defect. In most cases therapy involves medication while some may be solved with simple talk therapy, well, it’s not simple at all. For people that are in hiding from other, they should be encouraged to go out more and mingle, that will get their self esteem back up, but at those times they need to be under constant supervision as this method might backfire. In some cases family behavior treatment is useful, that is when the affected person is a teenager, support groups are an option too.
Whatever you do to help a person with BDD you need to be careful as in some cases, well in most cases, people with BDD develop paranoia. So whatever you do, be sure to consult with a specialist before attempting anything.