Types of learning disabilities

Learning disabilities do not reflect IQ (intelligence quotient) or how smart a person is. Instead, a person with a learning disability has trouble performing specific types of skills or completing a task or the same as mental or physical disabilities, such as mental retardation, deafness, or blindness. But, learning disabilities may occur together with mental or physical disabilities.

The most common disabilities is are:

Reading disability

Of all students with specific learning disabilities, 70%-80% have deficits in reading. The term “dyslexia” is often used as a synonym for reading disability; however, many researchers assert that there are different types of reading disabilities, of which dyslexia is one. A reading disability can affect any part of the reading process, including difficulty with accurate and/or fluent word recognition, word decoding, reading rate, prosody (oral reading with expression), and reading comprehension.

Writing disability

Speech and language disorders can also be called Dysphasia/aphasia. Impaired written language ability may include impairments in handwriting, spelling, organization of ideas, and composition. The term “dysgraphia” is often used as an overarching term for all disorders of written expression. Others, such as the International Dyslexia Association, use the term “dysgraphia” exclusively to refer to difficulties with handwriting.

Math disability

Sometimes called dyscalculia, a math disability can cause such difficulties as learning math concepts (such as quantity, place value, and time), difficulty memorizing math facts, difficulty organizing numbers, and understanding how problems are organized on the page.

Motor planning disability

Sometimes called dyspraxia, refers to a variety of difficulties with motor skills. Dyspraxia can cause difficulty with single step tasks such as combing hair or waving goodbye, multi-step tasks like brushing teeth or getting dressed, or with establishing spatial relationships such as being able to accurately position one object in relation to another.

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