Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) are common disorders afflicting teenagers nowadays. If you are still in doubt, here are the numbers to prove it:
3 to 5 %, or about 2 million, of American teens suffer from ADHD or ADD.
7% of parents will have a teen with ADD or ADHD.
In an average class in school, at least one teen is likely to have ADD or ADHD.
Up to 50 percent of teens with ADHD or ADD may never be diagnosed, especially among those without health insurance.
ADHD is most common in childhood, with about 30 to 60 percent of patients continuing to be affected into adulthood.
About 80 percent of children who need medication for ADHD still need it as teenagers, and about 50 percent need it as adults.
Teen ADD and ADHD are 2 to 3 times more common among boys than girls.
Non-hispanic white teens are about twice as likely to be diagnosed with ADD or ADHD (8 percent) than Hispanic (4 percent) or African-American (5 percent) teens.
14 percent of white teens living below the poverty level have been diagnosed with ADD or ADHD.
Among teens who suffer from ADHD or ADD, 30 to 40 percent have another close relative who also has ADD or ADHD, suggesting a genetic component of ADHD and ADD.
15 to 20 percent of teens with ADD and DHD have specific learning disability, which affects a teen’s ability to understand or use language effectively.
20 to 40 percent of teens with ADHD or ADD also develop conduct disorder, which often leads the teen to steal, lie, bully, disrespect the rights of others, or act aggressively toward people and animals.
In their first few years of driving, teens with ADHD or ADD are four times more likely to get into automobile accidents, are three times more likely to get speeding tickets, and are more likely to be in accidents that cause bodily injury.
Because 18 percent of deaths due to speed-related accidents are teenagers, these are important numbers to consider for parents when deciding rules for ADHD or ADD teens who want to drive.
Stimulants are an effective treatment for 70 to 80 percent of ADHD and ADD sufferers, and non stimulants (Strattera) are effective for about 70 percent.