There are various reports on eating disorders, some of them suggest that they are connected with regular risk factors while some separate non casual elements, different risks involved and factors, but the bottom line is that we still don’t have enough information to make a solid conclusion.
There are dozens of eating disorders, but the three main types that are causing issues for our teens are Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Binge eating disorder.
According to the studies conducted so far there are four main categories that lead to eating disorders and they are:
- Emotional factors
- Interpersonal factors
- Social factors
- Psychological factors
Let’s take a look at each of these causes of eating disorders. Emotional causes of eating disorders are suggested to have a connection to binge eating as people who binge have no control over their emotions, they are simply not well prepared to handle their emotions thus they give in to binge eating. Binge eaters are known to show sorrow, anger, worry, and most often, boredom. All of these emotions if showed in a longer period of time can lead to binge eating.
Among psychological causes the depression seems to be the number one cause, especially when it comes to binge eating. More than half of patients with binge eating disorder have a history of severe depression. But it can be easily connected with all of the eating disorders.
Interpersonal eating disorders are also a common factor, family issues, problematic personal relationships, difficulties expressing ones emotions and any form of sexual or physical abuse can lead to eating disorders.
As far as the social factors, that one is easy to understand. Media has a great influence on our body image, and we fall under the pressure of the so called fit women or men, which is very rare for a normal woman or man. In the 70’s, the modern women weighted only 8% less than the average women, today, the TV modern women weighs more than 25% less than the average woman.
In the end these are all vague findings and none of them is substantial to make something stand. We all know that stress factors have a great influence on eating disorders, but until some more studies are performed we will not be able to understand the causes of eating disorders as we should, which in return doesn’t help us treat them to the best of out possibilities.